Disasters claim human lives, destroy livelihoods, lead to the destruction of ecosystems, and are often still felt by societies years later. The economic loss due to disasters has more than doubled in the past three decades. At the same time, a steady increase in disasters is predicted. Progress made in poverty reduction, climate action, peacebuilding as well as regarding the universal access to health and other basic infrastructure services is undermined by existing and emerging disaster risks. Not only the major disasters threaten developmental gains, but also the impact of regularly occurring, smaller events. Disruption and failures of infrastructure, services, supply chains and other essential components of daily life impede progress in equitable and sustainable development.
Decisions on development processes and investments can contribute to the emergence of new risks if, for example, they lead to:
- populations and economic capital settling in hazard-exposed areas,
- cities or infrastructure being inadequately planned and managed,
- natural resources and ecosystems being overused,
- or social inequality being promoted by development decisions.
To minimize risk creation and foster resilience of people and infrastructure, stakeholders across all sectors need to be strengthened in their capacities to understand risks and apply approaches to fully integrate disaster and climate risks in decision-making processes.
GIDRM IV aims to strengthen the application of disaster risk management (DRM) approaches as integrated solutions in selected development cooperation projects (technical and financial cooperation) and their partner structures. Experiences and lessons learned from the integration process will be used to inform future portfolio development to better take risks into account and contribute to safeguarding of development gains also through cooperation.