Initial situation: Silo approach of global agendas
Disaster risk management (DRM) is at the heart of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. It is also reflected as cross-sectoral issue in the Paris Agreement on Climate Change (article 8), the New Urban Agenda (chapter on ‘Environmentally sustainable and resilient urban development’), and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (goal 1/ no poverty, 11/ sustainable cities, 13/ climate action). The importance of DRM is therefore recognized by all im-portant international post-2015 agendas and its implementation is a globally accepted requirement for all nations.
In 2015, the euphoria surrounding the development of the global agendas only led to limited alignment of the different agreements. The agendas are the result of negotiations of different specialist communities with their selective perception of global problems such as sustainability, climate change and urbanization and their own prioritization and terminology. Thus, the four agendas require different actions and commitments from different ministries and stakeholders at na-tional and local level to develop nationally appropriate strate-gies for public investments, the training of experts, the establishment of data and information systems, the development of insurance mechanisms and rules and regulations on topics such as land rights and spatial planning.
This necessitates cooperation between different ministries, but also between local government units as well as between national and local levels. At the same time, countries need to report on their progress with regard to each of the global agendas at an international level. Especially during the implementation of the agendas, international policy processes are not making sufficient use of synergies, which fosters duplications and overlaps. Different financing and support mechanisms of the global agendas reinforce inefficiencies.